ARCI develops cost-effective catalysts for metal-air battery

A new non-precious metal-based bi-functional electrocatalyst (capable of catalyzing two different types of reactions) can decrease cost and increase the efficiency of metal air batteries.

With the rise in demand for different energy sources, worldwide efforts are being made to develop different kinds of energy devices, such as lithium-ion batteries, lead-acid batteries, redox flow batteries, lithium-air batteries, zinc-air batteries, etc. sodium-ion batteries, fuel cells, and super capacitors.

Among them, Zn-air batteries have drawn significant attention due to their low cost and high energy density. They are compact power sources for portable electronics and electric vehicles and energy storage devices to manage energy flow among renewable energy generators, such as wind turbines, photovoltaic panels, electric grids, and end-users. However, a major challenge for such batteries is catalyst development. A bi-functional catalyst works for oxygen reduction while discharging the battery and the same catalyst helps in oxygen evolution reaction during the charging cycle. Most of the conventional catalysts available consist of noble metals in their composition, making the batteries costly.

International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous R&D Centre of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, has developed the cost-effective electrocatalyst by anchoring transition metal ions into the sulfur-doped carbon framework via carbonization of a polymer called sPEEK (sulphonated polyether ether ketone). This catalyst synthesis method can also be used to recycle used ionomers (polymer composed of both neutral repeating units and ionized units).

The scientists have used an ion-exchange strategy that positions the metal ions in the carbon framework homogeneously, limits the particle size and offers control on composition and size at a very low loading of transition metal. Cost-effectiveness is thus achieved by low loading of transition metal, high activity, and high cycling stability compared to many of the catalysts earlier reported in the literature.

The catalyst also leads to reduced voltage polarization, enabling higher energy efficiency and a stable charge-discharge characteristic. The results obtained were comparable to that of conventionally used noble metal-based catalysts with metal loading of 20% or higher. The research has been published in ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Fig. a) TEM image of Mn-S-C catalyst b) electrochemical property and c) charge-discharge characteristics of the developed catalysts.

Publication link: DOI:10.1021/acsaem.9b01217

For more details, Dr. K. Ramya (ramya@arci.res.in) can be contacted.

Ministry of Science & Technology press release dated 24 June 2021

SS/RP (DST Media Cell)

Work from Home and Work from Anywhere made easier, No distinction between Domestic and International OSPs, Guidelines for Other Service Providers (OSP) further liberalized

Ministry of Communication issued Press release today (23 June 2021):

1. Guidelines for Other Service Providers (OSP) further liberalized: announces Telecom Minister Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad

2. No distinction between Domestic and International OSPs to bring in better synergies among businesses

3. Work from Home and Work from Anywhere made easier

Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, Union Minister for Electronics & Information Technology, Communications and Law & Justice, announced in a press interaction today that Department of Telecommunication has further liberalized the guidelines for Other Service Providers (OSPs).  These entities are business process outsourcing (BPO) organisations giving Voice based services, in India and abroad.  The Guidelines issued today further liberalized the special dispensation given to OSPs in addition to the major measures already announced and implemented in November, 2020. 

Shri Prasad informed that India’s BPO industry is one of the largest in the world. Today India’s IT-BPM industry stands at US$ 37.6 billion (2019-20) i.e. Rs. 2.8 lakh crores approx. giving job opportunities to lakhs of youths in the country. Further it has a potential for double digit growth reaching upto US$ 55.5 billion i.e. Rs. 3.9 lakh crores by 2025.

AatmaNirbhar Bharat is the key initiative of Govt. led by PM Shri Narendra Modi and steps like Electronics Manufacturing Productivity Linked Incentive scheme,starting dedicated scheme of Electronic Manufacturing Cluster and dedicated PLI scheme for Telecom Equipment are few steps in this direction.

Similarly Ease of Doing Business is another fulcrum based on which series of reforms has been initiated in IT & Telecom vertical by present Govt. Start of one touch VNO licenses, Spectrum Sharing & Trading, Delicensing of certain frequency bands and now Next Gen OSP liberalisation is another step in this direction.

In November 2020, OSP guidelineswere liberalized as following:-

    • Data related OSPs were totally taken out of ambit of any regulation
    • No Bank Guarantees
    • No requirement of static IP
    • No requirement of reporting to the DoT
    • No requirement of publication of Network Diagram
    • No penalties
    • Made Work from Anywhere a reality

The BPM industry revenues grew from USD 37.6 billion in 2019-20 to USD 38.5 billion in 2020-21, despite the pandemic. This was largely possible due to the industry’s ability to work remotely and majorly enabled by the Government of India’s relaxations of WFH requirements under the OSP regime, first temporarily, in March 2020 and then complete reforms under the new guidelines in November 2020.

The Highlight of the Global Business is given below

  • Current BPM market – USD 198 BN
  • Outsourcing Market – USD 91 BN (46%)
  • Current BPM outsourcing revenue, India – USD 38.5 BN (Rs 2.8 lakh crore)

The main features of the liberalised guidelines announced today are :-

  1. Distinction between Domestic and International OSPs has been removed. A BPO centre with common Telecom resources will now be able to serve customers located worldwide including in India.
  2. EPABX (Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange) of the OSP can be located anywhere in the world. OSPs apart from utilising EPABX services of the Telecom Service Providers can also locate their EPABX at third Party Data Centres in India.
  3. With the removal of the distinction between Domestic and International OSP centres, the interconnectivity between all types of OSP centres is now permitted.
  4. Remote Agents of OSP can now connect directly with the Centralised EPABX/ EPABX of the OSP/ EPABX of the customer using any technology including Broadband over wireline/ wireless.
  5. No restriction for data interconnectivity between any OSP centres of same company or group company or any unrelated company.
  6. It may be recalled that DoT has already exempted Data Based Services from the OSP regulations.  In addition, the regulations exempted OSPs from requirement of any registration.  Also, no Bank Guarantees were to be furnished. Work from Home and Work from Anywhere was also permitted.
  7. Penalties for violations were removed altogether reaffirming the trust Government has in business.
  8. Further liberalization of Guidelines today will provide a big fillip for growth of OSP industry in India.  This will create immense opportunities, income and employment in India.

OSP reforms impact survey conducted by NASSCOM in April 2021, enumerated following important findings : 

  • Over 72% of the respondents mentioned that they are highly satisfied with the OSP reforms
  • 95% of the respondent mentioned has helped in reducing the compliance burden and cost of doing business in India
  • 95% of the respondent also stated that this will help in making IT services more competitive globally
  • Another 77% of the respondent mentioned that OSP reforms has helped in increasing the productivity
  • 92% of respondent stating that reforms also helped in reducing the financial burden on the companies
  • 62% of the respondent mentioned that they will consider expanding their operation or will make fresh investments basis the OSP reforms
  • 55% also mentioned that this will help in generating new employment opportunities and will enhance access to talent

Today’s reform will further help the BPM industry to reduce their establishment cost and creating synergies among different companies. Through these reforms more and more MNCs will get attracted towards India as a favorable destination and hence will lead to more FDIs.

It is also to be highlighted that FDI during present govt. and previous UPA govt stands at :

 (2007-14)

 (2014-21)

Growth (%)

Telecom

11.64 Billion USD

23.5 Billion USD

102%

IT Sector (Computer S/W and Hardware)

7.19 Billion USD

58.23 Billion USD

710%

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Shri Piyush Goyal chairs the review meeting on Single window system for industrial clearances and approvals

Ministry of Commerce & Industry issued Press release today 22 June 2021.

Union Minister of Commerce & Industry, Railways and Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Shri Piyush Goyal today said that we will soon have the soft launch of the first phase of the National Single window system. The digital platform will allow investors to identify and apply for various pre-operations approvals required for commencing a business in India. There will be 17 Ministries/Departments and 14 states onboard in the first phase which is likely to be launched soon, the Minister said during the review meeting of Single window system held today.MoS, Commerce and Industry, Shri Som Prakash also attended the meeting.

Shri Goyal expressed the hope that it will be a seamless  interface where all the facilities from land purchasing to all the information needed to businesses and industrialists will be available. He said that the “Single window” would be a genuine one, acting as a one-stop solution to all the problems or requirements of the investors. This would provide end-to-end facilitation, support, including pre-investment advisory, information related to land banks and facilitating clearances at Central and State levels, he added. It will facilitate the investors to know the approvals required to establish a particular business and let them apply for those approvals to commence business, see the status of those approvals as well as provide/seek clarifications regarding the same- all in one platform.

Shri Goyal also emphasized on the security and the authentication of the critical data used in this platform. He said all security measures should be in place to safeguard the critical data. He also suggested for third party auditing of the platform before its launch.

The Minister appreciated all the Ministries/Departments and states for showing enthusiasm, interest and open-mindedness in speedily working on developing the project, despite Covid-19 hurdles.“It is because of your exemplary contribution, cooperation and hard work that such a huge exercise has reached at an advance stage now”, he said.

Shri Goyal said that learning from the past experiences we should go on improving it in the future. He hoped that its success will be a real tribute to Dr Guruprasad Mahapatra,Secretary DPIIT who recently left for his heavenly abode.  

The participants in the meeting gave status report on their preparedness on being on board of the portal. They were told to register in the portal, try out various use cases and identify areas for improvement.

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YB/SS

Proposed Amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution issued Press release today 21st June 2021, says that

Proposed Amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020


Government has received several complaints against widespread cheating and unfair trade practices being observed in e-commerce ecosystem

Conventional e-commerce flash sales are not banned. Only specific flash sales or back-to-back sales which limit customer choice, increase prices and prevents a level playing field are not allowed

To protect the interests of consumers and encourage free and fair competition in the market, Government is sharing a draft of the proposed amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020

Proposed amendments aim to bring transparency in e-commerce platforms and further strengthen the regulatory regime

Views comments suggestions sought on the amendments to Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020 within 15 days (by 6th July, 2021)

For the purposes of preventing unfair trade practices in e-commerce, the Central Government had notified the Consumer Protection (E-Commerce) Rules, 2020 with effect from 23 July 2020. However, since the notification of these rules, the Government has received several representations from aggrieved consumers, traders and associations complaining against widespread cheating and unfair trade practices being observed in the e-commerce ecosystem.

Prevalence of such unfortunate incidents has negatively impacted the consumer and business sentiment in the market, causing immense distress and anguish to many. It was observed that there was an evident lack of regulatory oversight in e-commerce which required some urgent action. Moreover, the rapid growth of  e-commerce platforms has also brought into the purview the unfair trade practices of the marketplace e-commerce entities engaging in manipulating search result to promote certain sellers, preferential treatment to some sellers, indirectly operating the sellers on their platform, impinging the free choice of consumers, selling goods close to expiration etc.

Additionally, conventional flash sales by third party sellers are not banned on e-commerce platform. But, certain e-commerce entities are engaging in limiting consumer choice by indulging in “back to back” or “flash” sales wherein one seller selling on platform does not carry any inventory or order fulfilment capability but merely places a “flash or back to back” order with another seller controlled by platform. This prevents a level playing field and ultimately limits customer choice and increases prices.

To protect the interests of consumers, prevent their exploitation and encourage free and fair competition in the market, the Government of India is sharing a draft of the proposed amendments to the Consumer Protection (E-commerce) Rules, 2020. The proposed amendments aim to bring transparency in the e-commerce platforms and further strengthen the regulatory regime to curb the prevalent unfair trade practices. The proposed amendments are as follows

To ensure compliance of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 and Rules, appointment of Chief Compliance Officer, a nodal contact person for 24×7 coordination with law enforcement agencies, officers to ensure compliance to their orders and Resident Grievance Officer for redressing of the grievances of the consumers on the e-commerce platform, has been proposed. This would ensure effective compliance with the provisions of the Act and Rules and also strengthen the grievance redressal mechanism on e-commerce entities.

Putting in place a framework for registration of every e-commerce entity with the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) for allotment of registration number which shall be displayed prominently on website as well as invoice of every order placed the e-commerce entity. Registration of e-commerce entities would help create a database of genuine e-commerce entities and ensure that the consumers are able to verify the genuineness of an e-commerce entity before transacting through their platform.

To protect the interests of consumers, mis-selling has been prohibited i.e selling goods and services entities selling goods or services by deliberate misrepresentation of information by such entities about such goods or services. To ensure that consumers are aware about the expiry date of the products they are buying on the e-commerce platform all sellers on marketplace e-commerce entities and all inventory e-commerce entities to provide best before or use before date to enable consumers to make an informed purchase decision.

To ensure that the domestic manufacturers and suppliers get a fair and equal treatment on the e-commerce platform it has been provided that where an e-commerce entity offers imported goods or services, it shall incorporate a filter mechanism to identify goods based on country of origin and suggest alternatives to ensure fair opportunity to domestic goods.

To ensure that consumers are not adversely affected in the event where a seller fails to deliver the goods or services due to negligent conduct by such seller in fulfilling the duties and liabilities in the manner as prescribed by the marketplace e-commerce entity, provisions of Fall-back liability for every marketplace e-commerce entity have been provided.

The proposed amendments are available on website of Dept of Consumer Affairs https://consumeraffairs.nic.insitesdefaultfilesfile-uploadslatestnewsComments_eCommerce_Rules2020.pdf and views/comments/suggestions on the draft rules may be sent to js-ca@nic.in within 15 days (till 6th July, 2021).

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DJN

Abundance of natural resources, human capital and aspirational population will help create a tech-enabled manufacturing ecosystem in eastern India

Ministry of Steel issued Press release today 21 June 2021.

Abundance of natural resources, human capital and aspirational population will help create a tech-enabled manufacturing ecosystem in eastern India, says Shri Dharmendra Pradhan

Minister of Steel & Petroleum and Natural Gas Shri Dharmendra Pradhan today addressed the webinar on “Making Eastern India a Manufacturing Hub with respect to metallurgical industries”, organised by Indian Institute of Metals. The Webinar was attended by the experts from the metals sector, officials of Ministry of Steel, and state government representatives.

Shri Pradhan, speaking on the occasion, said that Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is working on the mission to bring eastern India at par with other developed regions of the country. With a skilled human capital, abundance of natural resources and an aspirational population, eastern India is poised to create a tech-enabled manufacturing ecosystem. He said that very few nations are blessed with the abundance of natural resources as much as eastern India is. He spoke in detail about the Mission Purvodaya launched also in the steel sector and its potential to spur a new era of development in the eastern India. He also spoke about efforts made by the Government of India in giving boost to logistical infrastructure in the eastern India including inland waterways. Shri Pradhan spoke about the rich heritage of architecture, maritime economy and also industrial development in eastern India and said that time has come to reclaim that glory.

Speaking about sustainable development, Shri Pradhan said that development and ecology can co-exist. He spoke about the leadership provided by Shri Narendra Modi in moving towards a greener future for the world. He said that Governments need to promote industrial development along with sustainable development and policies have to be more people, business and environment friendly. He called upon Indian Institute of Metals to help create greener, cleaner and thus more sustainable products around ‘green steel’.

Speaking about Industrial Revolution 4.0, he said that we must seize the opportunity and create new, innovative and sustainable business models.

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YB

Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Extends Validity of Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum from 31st March, 2021 to 31st December, 2021

Ministry of MSME issued Press release on Thursday, 17th June 2021 extending Validity of Udyog Aadhaar Memorandum from 31st March, 2021 to 31st December, 2021

Posted Date:- Jun 17, 2021

Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises has issued an amendment to the original notification No. S.O. 2119 (E) dated 26.06.2020 vide 2347(E) dated 16.06.2021, extending the validity of EM Part-II and UAMs from 31.03.2021 to 31.12.2021. This would facilitate the holders of EM Part-II and UAMs to avail benefits of the provisions under various existing schemes and incentives including Priority Sector Lending benefits of MSME.

Considering the hardships faced by MSMEs during the prevailing COVID-19 situation and the representations received from the various MSME associations, financial institutions and Government departments dealing with the interest of MSME Sector, the said amendment has been carried out.

It is expected that existing EM Part-II and UAM holders would be able to migrate to the new system of Udyam Registration, which was launched on 1st July, 2020, and would avail the benefits of Government Schemes, thereby paving the way for strengthening MSMEs and leading to their faster recovery, boost to their economic activity and creation of jobs.

Interested enterprises can register on https://udyamregistration.gov.in free of cost and without any documents. Only PAN and Aadhaar are required for registration on the Udyam portal. So far, this portal has facilitated registration and classification of 33,16,210 enterprises as on 17.06.2021 (5.26.43 PM).

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MJPS / RR

Journey of Women Scientists: From Break in Career to become Patent Professionals

Ministry of Science & Technology issued Press Release today (17th June 2021): Journey of Women Scientists- From Break in Career to become Patent Professionals

An inspiring journey of 100 women scientists who returned to science after a break in career has been documented into a book form. The women scientists featured here had to discontinue their pursuit of career in science due to family responsibilities and social reasons. The book, which chronicles their journey  to restart their career despite several obstacles, can be a beacon of light for moreIndian women in similar situations.

Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN) division (now WISE-KIRAN) of the Department of Science & Technology (DST) supports women with break-in careers to return to science through the Women Scientists Scheme (WOS). Through various components of Women Scientists Scheme (WOS), DST addresses challenges confronted by those women who had a break in their career and desire to return to mainstream science. The booklet presents select stories of women who completed their training under WOS-C component of this scheme and are now achieving greater heights in their careers.

Booklet contains 100 success stories of women scientist scheme trainees which captures the lives of women who succeeded despite all odds in life. Booklet is available in both digital and print versions. I know there are many more success stories in the scheme which will be made visible to all in coming years,” said Prof Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, DST.

Besides the women’s journey, the book includes details like qualification, specialization, present employment status, experience, and information about technical qualification in Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) attained by each woman after completing training.

WOS-C is a flagship scheme of the department and a recipient of Nari Shakti Puraskar, 2015 (Rani Lakshmibai Award) conferred by the Hon’ble President of India.WOS-C is implemented by TIFAC, New Delhi, an autonomous organization under DST. Inthe program, one-year long training is provided to women, having qualifications in science/engineering/medicine or allied areas in the field of IPRs and their management. Selection is through an All-India level online examination followed by an interview. Women between the age ranges of 27 to 45 years can avail the benefit of this scheme. Women are trained in nuances of patent filing and prosecution as well as other patent-related work.

Training has successfully developed a pool of women geared to create, protect and manage Intellectual Property in India. About 800 women have been trained in 11 batches, and about 270 women are registered Patent Agents. Many women have started their own IP firms as well and have become entrepreneurs. The scheme has made the women technically and financially confident, and many women of the middle ages who were earlier sitting at home are now beaming IP professionals.

https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/image/image001Q53F.jpg

The booklet is available on DST website: https://dst.gov.in

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SS/RP (DST Media Cell)

Pune based start-up all set to bring non-toxic, gentler, long lasting hand sanitiser to the market

Ministry of Science & Technology issued Press release today (17th June 2021)

An environment friendly hand sanitizer that is gentle on the hands and does not dry them, will soon be available in the market. The alcohol free, aqueous, non-inflammable and non-toxic hand sanitizer has been developed from Silver Nanoparticles by a Pune based start-up.

Recurrent drying up of hands due to repeated application of hand sanitizers is a challenge which people have faced during the COVID 19 pandemic.

The hand sanitizer developed by WeinnovateBiosolutions prolongs antimicrobial activity thus obviating the need for repeated applications.Silver nanoparticles give slow and sustained release of silver ions to kill microorganisms that come in contact. Besides, it can be stored in ambient conditions.

It has successfully completed Central Drugs Standards Control Organisation (CDSCO) approved clinical trial for the hand sanitizer and demonstrated high efficiency in killing viruses.

WeinnovateBiosolutionswas supported by CAWACH 2020 grant of National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and incubated at Entrepreneurship Development Centre (Venture Centre), Pune. They developed the colloidal silver solution-based hand sanitiser. The technologyoperates on the ability of the silver nanoparticles to prevent the synthesis of viral negative-strand RNA and viral budding.

“We are very confident of the study outcomes and waiting to get the license for our hand sanitiser formulation from CDSCO, India. We are sure that such innovation will push India towards its ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ mission and make India a self-sustained nation to face such pandemics in future”, said Dr. Anupama Engineer, Cofounder & COO WeinnovateBiosolutions.

Silver nanoparticles have been found to be an effective antiviral which act against many deadly viruses like HIV, Hepatitis B, Herpes simplex virus, Influenza virus, and so on. Recent reports have suggested the role of Glutathione capped-Ag2S NCs (Silver nanoclusters) in inhibiting the proliferation of Coronavirus by preventing the synthesis of viral negative-strand RNA and viral budding. Thecolloidal silver on which the technology of the sanitizers of WeinnovateBiosolutions is based can help arrest Covid -19 spread by blocking the RNA replication and infectivity by blocking the surface glycoproteins.

A study to evaluate the efficacy of hand sanitiser on different types of viruses is also currently underway by the group.

https://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/image/image001BK60.pnghttps://static.pib.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/image/image0020JDB.png

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SS/RP (DST Media Cell)

Mandatory Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery effective from today-16th June, No penalties till August end in implementation of Gold Hallmarking

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution issued Press release on 15th June 2021, says that

Mandatory Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery comes into force from tomorrow – 16th June,

No penalties till August end in implementation of Gold HallmarkingNo penalties till August end in implementation of Gold Hallmarking

Mandatory Hallmark certification of Gold Jewellery is good for both customers & businesses – Shri Piyush Goyal

Extensive consultations with stakeholders held

Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Railways and Commerce & Industry meets various stake holders involved  in Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery in India

Mandatory Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery is going to come into force from tomorrow, 16th June, 2021.

Based on extensive consultations with stakeholders, following decisions were taken-

  1. Hallmarking will be initially be starting from.256 districts of the country which have Assaying marking centres.
  1. Jewellers with annual turnover upto Rs. 40 lac will be exempted from mandatory Hall Marking.
  1. Export and re-import of jewelry as per Trade Policy of Government of India – Jewellery for international exhibitions, jewellery for government approved B2B domestic exhibitions will be exempted from mandatory Hall Marking.
  1. Gold of Additional carats 20, 23 and 24 will also be allowed for Hall Marking.
  1. Watches, fountain pens and special types of jewellery viz. Kundan, Polki and Jadau will be exempted from Hall Marking.
  1. Jewellers can continue to buy back old gold jewellery without hallmark from consumer.
  1. In order to give adequate time to the manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers of Gold Jewellery, there would be No penalties till August end.

Old jewellery can be got hallmarked as it is, if feasible by the jeweller or after melting and making new jewellery.

A committee constituting of representatives of all stake holders, revenue officials and legal experts will.be formed to look into the issues that may possibly emerge during the implementation of the scheme.

Shri Goyal said that constructive suggestions are always welcome and implementation should be effective.  It may be noted that Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery was earlier set to begin from 15th June 2021.

Under Hallmarking scheme of Bureau of Indian Standards, Jewellers are registered for selling hallmarked jewellery and recognise testing and Hallmarking centres. BIS (Hallmarking) Regulations, were implemented w.e.f. 14.06.2018. Hallmarking will enable Consumers/Jewellery buyers to make a right choice and save them from any unnecessary confusion while buying gold. At present, only 30% of Indian Gold Jewellery is hallmarked.

The Hallmarking of jewellery/artefacts is required to enhance the credibility of gold Jewellry and Customer satisfaction through third party assurance for the marked purity/fineness of gold , consumer protection. This step will also help to develop India as a leading gold market center in the World.

It is to be noted that there has been 25% increase in A&H centers in the last five years. The number of A&H centers have increased from 454 to 945 in the last five years. At present 940 Assaying and Hallmarking centers are operative. Out of this 84 AHCs have been setup under Govt. subsidy scheme in various Districts.

Presently A&H Centre’s can hallmark 1500 articles in a day, the estimated hallmarking capacity of A&H Centre’s per year are 14 crore articles (Assuming 500 articles per shift &300 working days.

According to World Gold Council, India has around 4 lakh jewellers, out of this only 35879 have been BIS certified.