Frequently asked questions on Input Tax Credit(ITC) under GST
Q 1. What is input tax?
Ans. Input tax means the central tax (CGST), State tax (SGST), integrated tax (IGST) or Union territory tax (UTGST) charged on supply of goods or services or both made to a registered person. It also includes tax paid on reverse charge basis and integrated tax goods and services tax charged on import of goods. It does not include tax paid under composition levy.
Q 2. Can GST paid on reverse charge basis be considered as input tax?
Ans. Yes. The definition of input tax includes the tax payable under the reverse charge.
Q 3. Does input tax includes tax (CGST/IGST/SGST) paid on input goods, input services and capital goods?
Ans. Yes, it includes taxes paid on input goods, input services and capital goods. Credit of tax paid on capital goods is permitted to be availed in one instalment.
Q 4. Is credit of all input tax charged on supply of goods or services allowed under GST?
Ans. A registered person is entitled to take credit of input tax charged on supply of goods or services or both to him which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business, subject to other conditions and restrictions.
Q 5. What are the conditions necessary for obtaining ITC?
Ans. Following four conditions are to be satisfied by the registered taxable person for obtaining ITC:
(a) he is in possession of tax invoice or debit note or such other tax paying documents as may be
(b) he has received the goods or services or both;
(c) the supplier has actually paid the tax charged in respect of the supply to the government; and
(d) he has furnished the return under section 39.
Q 6. Where the goods against an invoice are received in lots or instalments, how will a registered person be entitled to ITC?
Ans. The registered person shall be entitled to the credit only upon receipt of the last lot or installment.
Q 7. Can a person take input tax credit without payment of consideration for the supply along with tax to the supplier?
Ans. Yes, the recipient can take ITC. But he is required to pay the consideration along with tax within 180 days from the date of issue of invoice. This condition is not applicable where tax is payable on reverse charge basis.
Q 8. What would happen of the ITC taken by the registered person if he has not paid the consideration along with tax within 180 days from the date of issue of invoice?
Ans. The amount of ITC would be added to output tax liability of the person. He would also be required to pay interest. However, he can take ITC again on payment of consideration and tax.
Q 9. Who will get the ITC where goods have been delivered to a person other than taxable person (‘bill to’- ‘ship to ’scenarios)?
Ans. It would be deemed that the registered person has received the goods when the goods have been delivered to a third party on the direction of such taxable person. So ITC will be available to the person on whose order the goods are delivered to third person.
Q 10. What is the time limit for taking ITC and reasons therefor?
Ans. A registered person cannot take ITC in respect of any invoice or debit note for supply of goods or services after the due date for furnishing the return under section 39 for the month of September following the end of financial year to which such invoice/invoice relating to debit note pertains or furnishing of the relevant annual return, whichever is earlier. So, the upper time limit for taking ITC is 20th October of the next FY or the date of filing of annual return whichever is earlier.
The underlying reasoning for this restriction is that no change in return is permitted after September of next FY. If annual return is filed before the month of September, then no change can be made after filing of annual return.