Meaning: Intelligence, knowledge, freedom from doubt and delusion, forgiveness, truthfulness, control of the senses, control of the mind, happiness and distress, birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity, satisfaction, austerity, charity, fame and infamy-all these various qualities of living beings are created by Me alone.
Intelligence : Intelligence referes to the power to analyze things in their proper perspective.
Knowledge : Knowledge referes to understanding what is spirit and what is matter. Knowing distinction between spirit and matter.
Freedom from doubt and delusion can be achieved when one is not hesitant and when he understands the transcendental philopsopy.
Forgiveness: Tolerance and foregiveness should be practised
Truthfulness: Truthfulness means that facts should be presented as they are, for the benefit of others.
Control of the senses: The senses should not be used for unnecessary personal enjoyment. Unnecessary sense enjoyment is detrimental for spiritual advancement . Senses should be restrained from unnecessary thought (called sama). One should not spend one’s time pondering over earning money. That is misuse of the thinking power.
Sukham. pleasure or happiness, should always be in that which if favorable for the cultivation of the spiritual knowledge of divine consciousness.
Painful or distress: Which is painful or which causes distress is that which is unfavourable for the cultivation of divine consciousness.
Birth: Birth should be understood to refers to the body. As far as the soul is concerned, there is neither birth nor death.
Birth and fear apply to one’s embodiment in the material world.
Fear is due to worrying about the future. A person in divine consciousness has no fear because by his activities he is sure to go back to the spiritual sky, back home, back to Godhead. Therefore his future is very bright.
Fearlessness: Fearlessness is possible only for one in divine consciousness.
Ahimsa or Nonviolence means that one should not do anything which will put others into misery or confusion. People should be trained in such a way that the full utilization of the human body can be achieved. The human body is meant for spiritual realization, so any movement or any commissions which do not further that end commit vilence on the human body. That which furthers the future spiritual happiness of the people in general is called nonviolence.
Samata or equanimity refers to freedom from attachment and aversion
Tusti or satisfaction means that one should not be eager to gather more and more material goods by unnecessary activity.
Tapas or austerity or penance : Fasting in ignorance, and anything done in ignornce or passion does not lead to spiritual advancement. Everything done in the mode of goodness does advance one or enriches one in spiritual knowledge.
Charity should be given for best cause i.e. given to renouncer of life, for advancement of knowledge or similar good cause not to any whimsical cause.
Yasas, fame : A man is famous when he is known as a great devotee. That is real fame. One who does not have such fame is infamous.
All these qualities are manifest throughout the universe in human society. One who wants to advance in divine consciousness, divine creates all these qualities, but the person develops them himself from within. One who engages in the devotional service of the Supreme Lord develops all the good qualities, as arranged by the Supreme Lord.