Finance Act 2022 inserted a new section 194S in the Income-tax Act, 1961 (hereinafter referred to as “the Act”) with effect from 1st July 2022.
The new section mandates a person, who is responsible for paying to any resident any sum by way of consideration for transfer of a virtual digital asset (VDA), to deduct an amount equal to 1% of such sum as income tax thereon. The tax deduction is required to be made at the time of credit of such sum to the account of the resident or at the time of payment, whichever is earlier.
This deduction is not required to be made in the following cases:-
(i) the consideration is payable by a specified person and the value or aggregate value of such consideration does not exceed fifty thousand rupees during the financial year; or
(ii) the consideration is payable by any person other than a specified person and the value or aggregate value of such consideration does not exceed ten thousand rupees during the financial year
The following are defined as specified person for the purposes of this provision:
(i) An individual or Hindu undivided family (HUF) who does not have any income under the head “profit and gains of business or profession”; and
(ii) An individual or HUF having income under the head “profits and gains of business or profession”, whose total sales/gross receipts/turnover from business carried on by him does not exceed one crore rupee or in case of profession exercised by him does not exceed fifty lakh rupee. This threshold is to be seen in the financial year immediately preceding the financial year in which the VDA is transferred.
Sub-section (6) of section 194S of the Act authorises Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) to issue guidelines, for removal of difficulties, with the approval of the Central Government. These guidelines are required to be laid before each House of Parliament and are binding on the income-tax authorities and the person responsible for paying the consideration for transfer of VDA.
Accordingly, in exercise of the power conferred by sub-section (6) of section 194S of the Act, CBDT hereby issues the following guidelines. These guidelines will apply only in cases where transfer of VDA is taking place on or through an Exchange. In other cases (like peer to peer and others) provisions of section 194S of the Act shall apply and so far as these guidelines are concerned clarifications provided only in Question 6 shall apply.