GST: FAQs Series 19 (GST Payment of Taxes )

GST Payment of Taxes

Payment of taxes
Electronic Liability Register shall be maintained for each person liable to pay tax on the GST Portal.

Electronic Credit Ledger and Electronic Cash Ledger shall also be maintained on the GST Portal for the person eligible for input tax credit and for person liable to pay tax respectively.

Tax will be paid only through internet banking, RTGS, NEFT or Debit and Credit Cards. However, over the counter payment is allowed through authorized banks for the amount up to Rs.10,000 per challan per tax period.
Q 11. What is a tax liability register?

Ans. Tax Liability Register will reflect the total tax liability of a taxpayer (after netting) for the particular month.

Q 12. What is a Cash Ledger?

Ans. The cash ledger will reflect all deposits made in cash, and TDS/TCS made on account of the taxpayer. The information will be reflected on real time basis. This ledger can be used for making any payment on account ofGST.

Q 13. What is an ITC Ledger?

Ans. Input Tax Credit as self-assessed in monthly returns will be reflected in the ITC Ledger. The credit in this ledger can be used to make payment of TAX ONLY and not other amounts such as interest, penalty, fees etc.

Q 14. What is the linkage between GSTN and the authorized Banks?

Ans. There will be real time two-way linkage between the GSTN and the Core Banking Solution (CBS) of the Bank. CPIN is automatically routed to the Bank via electronic string for verification and receiving payment and a challan identification number (CIN) is automatically sent by the Bank to the Common Portal confirming payment receipt. No manual intervention will be involved in the process by any one including bank cashier or teller or the tax payer.

Q 15. Can a tax payer generate challan in multiple sittings?

Ans. Yes, a taxpayer can partially fill in the challan form and temporarily “save” the challan for completion at a later stage. A saved challan can be “edited” before finalization.
After the tax payer has finalized the challan, he will generate the challan, for use of payment of taxes. The remitter will have option of printing the challan for his record.

Q 16. Can a challan generated online be modified?

Ans. No. After logging into GSTN portal for generation of challan, payment particulars have to be fed in by the tax payer or his authorized person. He can save the challan midway for future updation. 

However once the challan is finalized and CPIN generated, no further changes can be made to it by the taxpayer.

Q 17. Is there a validity period of challan?

Ans. Yes, a challan will be valid for fifteen days after its generation and thereafter it will be purged from the System.

However, the tax payer can generate another challan at his convenience.

Q 18. What is a CPIN?

Ans. CPIN stands for Common Portal Identification Number (CPIN) given at the time of generation of challan.
It is a 14-digit unique number to identify the challan. As stated above, the CPIN remains valid for a period of 15 days.

Q 19. What is a CIN and what is its relevance?

Ans. CIN stands for Challan Identification Number. It is a 17-digit number that is 14-digit CPIN plus 3-digit Bank Code. CIN is generated by the authorized banks/ Reserve Bank of India (RBI) when payment is actually received by such authorized banks or RBI and credited in the relevant government account held with them. It is an indication that the payment has been realized and credited to the appropriate government account. CIN is communicated by the authorized bank to taxpayer as well as to GSTN.

Q 20. What is the sequence of payment of tax where that taxpayer has liabilities for previous months also?

Ans. Section 49(8) prescribes an order of payment where the taxpayer has tax liability beyond the current return period. In such a situation, the order of payment to be followed is: First self-assessed tax and other dues for the previous period; thereafter self-assessed tax and other dues for the current period; and thereafter any other amounts payable including any confirmed demands under section 73 or 74. This sequence has to be mandatorily followed.
Refer extract of Section 49 (Payment of tax, interest, penalty and other amounts) of CGST Act, 2017 on following link:

http://gstindia1.blogspot.in/p/extract-of-section-49-central-goods-and.html

Disclaimer:

This FAQ on GST compiled by NACEN and vetted by the Source Trainers is based on the CGST/SGST/UTGST/IGSTAct(s). This FAQ is for training and academic purposes only.

The information in this blogger is reproduced from FAQ on GST publised by CBEC updated on 31 March 2017 and is not intended to be treated as legal ad vice or opinion. For greater details, you are requested to refer to the respective CGST/SGST/UTGST/IGST Acts.

The FAQs refer to CGST and SGST Acts as CGST/SGST as CGST Act and SGST Act are identical in most of the provisions. CGST Act has been introduced in the Parliament. The SGST Acts will be passed by respective state legislatures. A few provisions may be specific to state and may not be in CGST Act.

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